Wednesday, April 16, 2014

When to sell your dividend stocks?

Ideally, your holding period should be forever. Investors who purchase shares in prominent dividend paying companies with the intent of flipping them within a few months are likely to make a lot of mistakes. This is because by frequently buying and selling stocks, investors incur costs such as taxes and commissions, which drain their capital. Studies have shown that the investors who make the most trades per year tend to earn mediocre returns at best. This is because a successful investment would likely pay in rising dividends over many decades to come. A lousy investment would be one where dividends are cut or eliminated as earnings per share decline. Even the best businesses can experience such adverse situations a few times during their lives. A patient investor should let the company work its problems out, especially given the fact that they are in it for the long haul, as long as dividends are at least maintained. You have already delegated your investment in the hands of company management indirectly, who work to increase earnings and pay you the dividends. Thus, micromanaging business conditions does not strike as particularly rewarding. Many times companies fall onto hard times, and keep a dividend frozen, only to resume increases in a few quarters or years. Just think of General Mills (GIS), which has paid dividends for over 115 years, and has never cut it. There have been times where it achieved a streak of 30+ years of consecutive dividend increases, followed by a few years where dividends were frozen.

An impatient investor who sells after dividend freezes might increase portfolio turnover dramatically, increase their investment costs, and sell securities which have experienced temporary turbulence. For example, in 2009, Hershey (HSY) froze dividends, thus ending a 30 year streak of dividend increases. Selling would have been a mistake, as the company resumed increases a year after it kept distributions unchanged. The dividend has since increased by over 60%, which is not too bad for a five year holding period.

When a dividend is cut or eliminated however, this is management’s way of saying that things are indeed bad. Dividends are a sacred cow, which might be frozen from time to time, but very rarely cut or eliminated. As a result, a dividend cut shows that this business is likely in trouble. As a dividend investor, this is when I decide to sell my position automatically. This safeguards the capital left, and provides a fresh perspective after the sale is done. The reason for this automatic sale is to prevent me from being overly emotionally attached to a stock, and rationalize my holding until it is too late. For example, dividend investors in Bank of America (BAC) enjoyed a rising dividend for 30 years in a row, before the dividend was cut two times between 2008 – 2009. This took the quarterly dividend from 64 cents/share to 1 cent/share If you sold right after the first announcement, you could have managed to get out around $29 - $30/share. If you held BAC stock for the past 20 years however, and you rationalized that the bank would eventually bounce back, you suffered from no dividend income on this portion of your portfolio for 5 - 6 years in a row. Sometimes, admitting mistakes is difficult, but costly if nothing is done about it.

If the dividend cut is reversed and the company initiates or increases dividends, you can get back in. In a typical dividend growth portfolio consisting of 30 – 40 securities, I would expect a dividend cut to occur at least once per year. On the bright side, if 39 portfolio holding raise distributions by at least 2.50%, and one completely eliminated distributions, your income will stay flat. Chances are however that the 39 companies will increase dividends by 6%/year, and the capital you deploy from the dividend cutter will generate some return when invested elsewhere.

Full Disclosure: Long GIS

Relevant Articles:

- How to Manage Your Dividend Portfolio
How to analyze investment opportunities?
When to buy dividend paying stocks?
Where to search for investment opportunities?
How to identify your dividend investment goals


  1. DGI, I understand that a dividend cut or elimination automatically triggers a sale, but is there a point at which you feel a stock has risen too much and is too large of a percentage of your portfolio that you will cut back? I have a few non-dividend paying stocks (GOOGL, for example) that I will trim back after a big run, but I tend to keep all of the dividend payers (and have been lucky that I haven't seen any dividend cuts so far). Thanks!

    1. Hi Keith,

      I think you might enjoy this article:

      Thank you for reading Dividend Growth Investor website!

  2. Hi DGI-

    This article goes well with my recent thoughts about selling one of my positions (Walgreen's). I am having thoughts about selling, not because of a dividend cut but because the company has had such a great run up since I purchased that they now make up a larger percentage of my portfolio than I am comfortable with.

    However, I know selling incurs costs and I realize my problem can be resolved with a few new purchases that I will be making in the remainder of this year. I like how you state that frequent buying and selling of stocks incurs costs and thus drains capital.

    I'm starting to think that I will be better off continuing to own my Walgreen's stock for the long term until the company gives me a legitimate reason to sell. In the meantime I can fix my issue with new purchases and not incur any of the capital gains taxes that will slowly eat my capital.

  3. DGI,
    Thank You for this article it seems whenever I have a problem or think I have a problem with my stocks I find one of your articles that puts my mind at ease. But I am still going to watch my stocks like a hawk but never sell unless a dividend cut is coming or the business is closing its doors. Your website is truly a blessing. Suzanne


Questions or comments? You can reach out to me at my website address name at gmail dot com.

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