I have always been intrigued by the power of leverage. Using leverage means borrowing money to invest in something for the purpose of magnifying your profit potential.
When you are right, leverage works in your favor. When you are wrong though, leverage could result in disastrous results and bankruptcy.
An interesting leveraged instrument is SSO, which generates double the daily return of the S&P 500 through investments in stock index futures. If the S&P 500 rises by 1 %, SSO will increase by about 2%. The changes are never EXACTLY twice the rate of change for S&P 500 due to tracking errors.
I gathered daily data for S&P 500 going back to 1950. I then calculated the returns for the 58 year period for twice the daily changes in the index. I didn’t account for taxes, commissions, dividends and interest for simplicity purposes. The results are truly astonishing.
Investors who could have stomached the extra volatility from the increased exposure to the S&P 500 could have enjoyed average annual returns of almost 14.33% annually. The worst drawdown in annual returns occurred from 1972-1974 -68.60%, and 69.50% during the 2000 - 2003 bear markets. In addition to that, investors who bought the back tested index at the end of 1999 are still underwater by 37%.Here are the results per decade:
Year $1 invested at the beginning of the decade grows to: at the end of the decade
1950's $ 11.32
1960's $ 2.13
1970's $ 1.14
1980's $ 7.77
1990's $ 14.14
2000's $ 0.78
For example if you invested $1 in the SSO at the end of 1980, your investment would have grown to $55 by the end of 2007. On the other hand, the same $1 investment in an S&P index fund would have grown to $22.50.
So how should investors incorporate leverage in their portfolios? I believe that a 5% to 10% of ones portfolio could be invested in a leveraged instrument like SSO as a long-term investment. Over time this investment should boost your profitability overall.
- Outperform S&P500 with S&P500 futures, Part 1
- Outperform S&P500 with S&P500 futures, Part 2
- Covered Calls for additional income
- An alternative strategy to covered calls
One way to monitor dividend growth investments is by checking the weekly list of dividend increases. I also find helpful to monitor the an...
While I am a buy and hold passive investor, I also try to regularly monitor the companies I own . I usually review the investments I have ma...
This is a guest post from Tawcan, who writes about dividend investing and financial independence on his blog at tawcan.com When it comes t...
Successful investing is simple. You live within your means, save money regularly and invest it. You buy a collection of quality businesses a...
As I explained in my article on my dividend retirement plan , I invest in blue chip dividend stocks which can afford increase dividends for...
The daily life of dividend growth investor Successful investors buy stock in companies which are within their circle of competence. This c...
This is a guest post written by Todd Wenning, CFA, who is an equity research analyst. Todd is the author of Keeping Your Dividend Edge: Str...
PepsiCo, Inc. (NYSE:PEP) manufactures, markets, and sells various foods, snacks, and carbonated and non-carbonated beverages worldwide. The ...
Diageo plc (DEO) produces, distills, brews, bottles, packages, and distributes spirits, beer, wine, and ready to drink beverages. This inter...
This is a guest post by Financially Integrated who writes about dividend investing, wealth creation and escaping the rat race. I have bee...